Reading makes a full man,

conference a ready man,

writing an exact man.

·王稚登 《立冬》: 秋风吹尽旧庭柯, 黄叶丹枫客里过。 一点禅灯半轮月, 今宵寒较昨宵多。

Semantic Triangle 语义三角理论

发表时间:2021/2/24 22:02:01  浏览次数:1480  
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The triangle of reference (also known as the triangle of meaning and the semantic triangle) is a model of how linguistic symbols are related to the objects they represent. The triangle was published in The Meaning of Meaning (1923) by Ogden and Richards. While sometimes known as the "Ogden/Richards triangle" the idea dates back until at least 1810, by Bernard Bolzano, in his Beiträge zu einer begründeteren Darstellung der Mathematik.

The triangle identifies the distinction between referent (the person or thing to which a linguistic expression refers) and symbol (something that represents or takes the place of something else). It is thus able to identify the relationship between these two and to describe the nature of this.

The relations between the triangular corners may be phrased more precisely in causal terms as follows:

  1. The matter evokes the writer's thought.
  2. The writer refers the matter to the symbol
  3. The symbol evokes the reader's thought.
  4. The reader refers the symbol back to the matter

What is the Semantic/Semiotic Triangle?  

Ogden and Richards presented the classic “Semantic Triangle” as manifested in the following diagram, in which the “symbol” or “form” refers to the linguistic elements (word, sentence, etc.), the “referent” refers to the object in the world of experience, and “thought” or “reference” refers to concept or notion. Thus, the symbol a word signifies “things” by virtue of the “concept”, associated with the form of the word in the mind of the speaker of the language. The “concept” thus considered is meaning of the word.

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